I've wanted to put together a list of all those nasty theories that get in the way of divine/religious dogma. But I didn't think until now of a place (here) to start such a list.
I happen to think that the "theory of gravity" is a bad example, because I don't know of any people present or past who preached or taught something against a theory of gravity. It's the blatant, anti-science preaching/teaching (e.g. Creationism) that I'm more concerned with.