Evolution vs. Creation

Is there an Evolution verses Creationism "controversy"?

Here's a video featuring a number of renown scientists commenting on the debate of evolution versus creation:

Creation

Creation is a general term relating to the creation of life. This field of study is ongoing. Creationism is the belief that life was created by some higher power. There is no scientific evidence to support this claim. It cannot be called a "theory" by traditional scientific standards because a theory requires some form of tests or validation process to verify the legitimacy of such a theory. There is no way, short of having God appear and demonstrate, to prove the theory of "creation" as it pertains to the supernatural.

Theist position on evolution


How Creationists Attack Evolution

Here's a video montage of creationists attacking evolution using various logical fallacies and false information:


Evolution

Evolution is a biological process described as the changes seen in the inherited traits of a population from one generation to the next. These changes cause populations of organisms to alter over time. Inherited traits come from the genes that are passed on to offspring during reproduction. Mutations in genes can produce new or altered traits, resulting in the appearance of heritable differences between organisms. Such new traits also come from the transfer of genes between populations, as in migration, or between species, in horizontal gene transfer. Evolution occurs when these heritable differences become more common or rare in a population, either non-randomly through natural selection or randomly through genetic drift.

Natural selection

Natural selection is a process by which heritable traits that are helpful for survival and reproduction become more common in a population, while harmful traits become more rare. This occurs because individuals with advantageous traits reproduce more successfully, so that more in the next generation inherit these traits. Over many generations, adaptations occur through a combination of successive, small, random changes in traits, and natural selection of those variants best-suited for their environment. In contrast, genetic drift produces random changes in the frequency of traits in a population. Genetic drift arises from the role chance plays in whether a given individual will survive and reproduce.

Micro-evolution verses Macro-evolution

All evolution is "micro-evolution". All evolution occurs through a series of tiny changes over large amounts of time.

For scientists in the field of evolutionary biology, there is no such distinction. Only untrained, religious people make use of these terms for the purpose of distinguishing between genetic mutation that is undeniable, and larger scale mutations that are not immediately observable which conflict with their personal belief system, scripture or dogma.


What Evolution is not

Creationists often assume evolutionary theory explains how life was created. The theory of evolution does no such thing. It merely speculates an idea relating how life continued to develop. The theory of evolution does not in any way address the specific cause of the origin of life on this planet.

To recap:

Evolution is NOT about the creation of the universe.

Evolution is NOT about the creation of life.

Evolution is all about the development of life.

Documentation substantiating evolution

  • The fact of evolution - a comprehensive article on the subject
  • Peppered Moth - A recently study of the Peppered Moth demonstrates evolution in action.
  • Evolution and sex - One theory suggests that as female genetalia evolved from being visible to hidden, this

prompted more complicated mating procedures which required advanced mental abilities.

Evolutionary evidence deemed to contradict scripture

  • 164,000 Year old humans - University of Arizona researchers have found evidence of early humans living on the coast in South Africa 164,000 years ago, far earlier than previously documented, being published in the Oct. 18 issue of the journal Nature. This clearly contradicts the much shorter accounts of the age of mankind that biblical literalists feel they can deduce from biblical texts.

Additional information

  • Evolution - The central index on evidence for evolution, not specifically related to creationist claims

Last updated by Nelson Feb 13, 2009.

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