The US had been turned into a police state based on religion. My sister and I were standing outside a processing center. The only question being asked was will you turn your life over to god. My sister told me she knew I didn't believe but just to go along with it so I wouldn't be turned over to a concentration camp. I began panicking in the dream which apparently manifest itself physically because I woke up in a heavy sweat.
I didn't think I had that strong of a conviction to be truthful but apparently my subconscious does.
I'm in SF Bay Area where my atheism is a total non-issue, so I've wondered how open I'd be about it if I lived in one of the more religious parts of America or the world where people are judged and ostracized for non-belief. The funny thing about belief is it's SO easy to fake: just say "I believe in God" and you're done, regardless of whether or not you actually believe. Hopefully lie detectors don't come in to play.
In my situation, which I'll consider a "1" on the disadvantage/discomfort of being atheist scale, I'm open and vocal about my atheism. Facing a concentration camp, a "10" on that same scale, assuming you mean a Nazi-style camp where torture and death are a possibility, I'd claim belief without hesitation.
I'd probably maintain my open position of atheism up to a 6 or 7 on the scale. I'd be willing to introduce/overcome some disadvantage to publicly profess my lack of belief, but wouldn't stick to that story if it started seriously affecting my safety or well-being, or that of my family/friends.
If I or a friend or family member were to suffer if I claimed non-belief, I would claim belief. My life, and that of those close to me, is more important than my position on some hypothesis. If I was to be discriminated against, up to angry stares, I would declare non-belief but if there was a threat of physical violence or violation of my rights then I may reconsider my offical position but my actual position would not change until I was persuaded by evidence.
now it depends....which God are we turning our lives over too? I'd rather give my life to most pagan gods then the christian one. if that didn't matter...which, it does to me....I would have to claim to believe, if only for the sake of my family and friends. or, if I rebelled, maybe years down the line I would be considered a hero. hmm...
My boss flat out asked me if I was an atheist. We debated politics a lot and I think he figured it out (or he saw an IT report showing me browsing T|A). Either way, it doesn't seem to bother him one bit.
Many 15th century Jews in Spain and Portugal converted (at least claimed to anyway) to christianity to avoid persecution. They were known as conversos. Despite Maimonides' having said that it is better to die than to denounce one's faith, some even went as far as to become catholic clergymen. Many though still feared for their lives and later fled to england, france and Holland, where they for the most resumed their Jewish faith and practices. Amsterdam essentially became the promised land for Jews who landed there, since they weren't confined to ghettos and were allowed to own businesses. This is where the first known secular cultural jews started appearing.