Disclaimer: I should say I am not a psychologist or biologist, though I have a few college level courses in the prior which probably color my view. In addition, I am not sexually a homosexual and have no personal experience with that aspect of it, though it piques my intellectual interest. Also, I am European (this is apparently a synonym to many).
Question: Do you tend to support a psychological or a biological explanation to why some people are homosexuals? Do you have a "pure" or a "mixed" view of the two, and why?
My opinion: I tend to support the psychological explanation of sexuality due to it being more parsimonious. Being "born" a homosexual doesn't immediately ring clear as a biological explanation requires a number of a priori assumptions of future state of the social environment as one grows up. Two people of the same sex cannot biologically reproduce and thus face extinction. Becoming a homosexual through the psychosocial environment is to me a simpler explanation as this would imply it being either a learned behavior, which may account for homosexual couples having a higher probability of raising a homosexual child, or as a response to other environmental factors such as sexual competition.
I'll stop explaining here and rather see where the discussion goes off to.
(Two notes to add: I don't think homosexuality should be treated even if it is "treatable". It is no more a condition than preferring beer over vodka. Also, I tend to support a twin explanation of both inherited and environmental causes, though with the latter overwhelmingly more explanatory, i.e. 90%)
Some thoughts to further the discussion.. Biologically.... a viable sperm will perform its function with a viable egg regardless of the sexual preference of their makers.(provided that you can get them together) My point being that sperm and egg can perform their biological heterosexual function. Physiologically people can perform sexually with either gender (or other gender in the case of those born with variations of sexual organs or none)
There are both biological and social pressures that weigh on us. I'm sure we can all agree that there are cases where heterosexuals try sex with the same gender...and cases where homosexuals try sex with the opposite gender. I would bet that competition plays a role both biologically and socially along with our basic drive to release semen. (many of us don't think "Oh, I've got to make a baby.".. its more like.. "man I really want/need to have this release'. )
Lots of kids today..don't know what they are in this regard.. My son says that a lot of kids in his class are bi or at least they identifiy themselves that way. Maybe they are...maybe they aren't...
Religions stance on sexuality in general is horrid.. Heterosexual sex is at best a tolerated sin as long as its with one person and the main drive is procreation. Religion has turned sex into such a huge awful monster that there's no wonder we are screwed up socially.
I think sexual repression and sexual frustration plays a role in society. It causes compromises but I don't think its the cause of homosexuality. We ARE sexual creatures and social creatures.. We all have biological sexual drives. In prisons there are heterosexuals having same gender sex...because its all thats available. Do they come out of prison homosexuals?....No, but they may have social sexual conflictions because of their experiences.
We might all want the 'ideal' specimen....(according to our sexual preference) Lean, healthy, vigorous etc..but realistically settle for what we can get..(as our partners had to do.LOL) This won't make us switch our gender preferences...but we might have sex with the same gender if they are the only option available to us...(like in prisons)
There may be social pressures that make some feel that the only option available to them is the same gender.....I don't know. I'd be curious to see some studies on it.
I wanted to add..Many homosexuals feel forced to try and live a heterosexual life style..and they do it and have for ages. They do it because of social pressures and the negative religious stigma associated with sex in general and homosexuality in particular.
I really don't care. I'd rather my son be gay than religious or Republican. Being conservative would be Ok at the same time, big difference.