don't think there is a deity in buddhism, and i thought shinto was just mostly an ancestor and spirit worship?
Yeah, very traditional. Just like most other Asian societies.
Family is also a huge thing in Asia. Both internally, but also the perception of the family to others. Honor, saving face, etc. Children are more or less expected to marry, procreate and continue the family line. Maybe in the long run, there could be a change in perceptions if gay couples having children becomes somewhat common.
Yes of course. Homofobic behaviour is not only based on religion, but also on ignorance and some think it is an attack on their masculinity. It think it's also a cultural thing.
You might find this interesting regarding the subject from Geert Hofstede:
"Masculinity is extremely low in Nordic countries: Norway scores 8 and Sweden only 5. In contrast, Masculinity is very high in Japan (95), and in European countries like Hungary, Austria and Switzerland influenced by German culture. In the Anglo world, masculinity scores are relatively high with 66 for the United Kingdom for example. Latin countries present contrasting scores: for example Venezuela has a 73 point score whereas Chile’s is only 28."
I have his book "Riding the waves of culture" at work (unless my boss has borrowed it). But the questions posed are solid from a statistical bias standpoint and the author is widely regarded as a pioneer in the field.
This is a bit more descriptive of what is being measured:
"Masculinity (MAS), vs. femininity: “The distribution of emotional roles between the genders”. Masculine cultures’ values are competitiveness, assertiveness, materialism, ambition and power, whereas feminine cultures place more value on relationships and quality of life. In masculine cultures, the differences between gender roles are more dramatic and less fluid than in feminine cultures where men and women have the same values emphasizing modesty and caring."
Depends on what you mean by homophobia , really. I can easily guess that there are a small % of atheist males that would feel very uncomfortable if they were approached by a homosexual at a bar for instance. Or if a Gay man made a pass at one of them , mistaking them for being gay. Or if a Gay man were to simply be playful and flirt with them at work or something , like men do to women all the time.
Personally , I find it to be flattering. A gay bartender once gave me him phone number and hinted we should hang out sometime. I just laughed , smiled and said that I preferred the opposite sex but if I was gay I would totally go out sometime. He took it very well and I felt good about myself!